Bitter melon is a tropical and subtropical vegetable crop with long climbing vines which is widely cultivated in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean. The unripe fruit is used as a vegetable with a pleasantly bitter taste. This 7-page fact sheet provides an overview of this plant as well as recommendations for individuals in Florida who are interested in growing it. Written by Guodong Liu, Qingren Wang, Yuncong Li, David Dinkins, Bonnie Wells, and Yuqi Cui, and published by the UF Department of Horticultural Sciences, December 2015.
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Liu, G. D., E. H. Simonne, K. T. Morgan, G. J. Hochmuth, M. Ozores-Hampton, and S. Ageharas. 2015. Chapter 2. Fertilizer management for vegetable production in Florida. CV296. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Accessed December 3, 2015. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/cv/cv29600.pdf
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USDA-ARS. 2015. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28, Full Report (All Nutrients) 11025, Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), pods, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt. http://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/2833?fg=&manu=&lfacet=&format=Full&count=&max=35&offset=&sort=&qlookup=11025
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Zhang, S., M. Lamberts, and E. McAvoy. 2012. Diseases of bitter melon in south Florida. PP300. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Accessed December 3, 2015. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pp300