Prácticas Culturales para el Caqui Japonés en Florida
Chinche hedionda en el fruto del caqui. (UF/IFAS)
view on EDIS
PDF-2020

How to Cite

Sarkhosh, Ali, Dustin Huff, Peter Andersen, and Jonathan Clavijo Herrera. 2021. “Prácticas Culturales Para El Caqui Japonés En Florida”. EDIS 2021 (1), 15. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-hs1401-2020.

Abstract

Los caquis son considerados como un cultivo relativamente sostenible en Florida, con una calificación de 6 puntos en una escala de 10 para la evaluación de sostenibilidad agrícola. Los caquis tienen un potencial comercial moderado y altas probabilidades de llegar directamente al consumidor. La demanda de los consumidores podría ser de cultivares no astringentes principalmente. Los caquis son aptos para el centro y el norte de Florida, ya que la calidad y los rendimientos pueden ser bajos en la parte sur del estado. Los caquis tienen un bajo requisito de horas frío, y pueden producirse con éxito en áreas que reciben sólo 100-200 horas por debajo de 45°F (7°C). Los datos muestran que las yemas pueden salir de dormancia de mejor manera a temperaturas justo por encima del rango normal de horas frío, entre 32-45°F (0-7°C).

En base a los datos del censo agrícola de 2017 a nivel de condados, está claro que hay dos regiones principales de producción de caqui en Florida. Una región se encuentra en los condados contiguos de Alachua, Levy, Marion y Lake, que representan casi el 50% de la superficie total de caquis cultivados en el estado (132 de 266 acres). La otra región se encuentra al norte del estado, en los condados de Okaloosa, Walton y Washington, que suman alrededor del 18% de la superficie producida. Existen algunos otros condados dispersos que tienen más de 5 acres de caquis cultivados: Brevard (16 acres), Hernando (8 acres), y Jefferson (8 acres).

Spanish Translation of HS1389
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1401

https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-hs1401-2020
view on EDIS
PDF-2020

References

Andersen, P. C., K. R. Athearn, A. Sarkhosh, M. A. Olmstead, and J. G. Williamson. 2020. Sustainability Assessment of Fruit and Nut Crops in North Florida and North Central Florida. HS765. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg367 https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-mg367-2020

Ben-Arie, R., S. Zilkah, I. Klein, and D. Gamrasni. 2008. "Persimmon and Environment: Soil and Water Management for High Quality Fruit Production." Advances in Horticultural Science 22 (4): 286-293.

Branscome, D. 2012. White Peach Scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Diaspididae). EENY-076. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in233

Crane, J. H., and C. F. Balerdi. 1997. "Estimated Crop Yields of Tropical Fruit Crops under South Florida Conditions." https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/media/sfylifasufledu/miami-dade/documents/tropical-fruit/Crop-yields-per-tree-and-acre-2010.pdf

Crocker, T. E., J. G. Williamson, and J. L. Jackson. 1996. "Demonstration Plots of Alternate Fruit and Nut Crops for Central Florida." Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 109:209-211.

Davies, F. T., R. L. Geneve, D. E. Kester, and H. T. Hartmann. 2011. Hartmann and Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Frank, S., J. Baker, and S. Bambara. 2019. "Twig Girdler." NC State Extension. https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/twig-girdler-1

George, A., B. Nissen, R. Broadley, R. Collins, P. Rigden, S. Jeffers, B. Isaacson, S. Ledger, N. Vock, and L. Chapman. 2005. Sweet Persimmon Information Kit. Agrilink, Your Growing Guide to Better Farming Guide. Agrilink Series Q105102. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries. 168.

Gomez, C., and R. F. Mizell. 2019. Green Stink Bug, Chinavia halaris (Say) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). EENY-431. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in794 https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-in623-2019

Intrigliolo, D. S., L. Bonet, E. Badal, C. Besada, and A. Salvador. 2012. "Regulated Deficit Irrigation of 'Rojo Brillante' Persimmon (Dyospyros kaki) Yield, Fruit Quality and Post-harvest Performance." VII International Symposium on Irrigation of Horticultural Crops 1038:415-422. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1038.50

Jackson, D., N. E. Looney, and M. Morley-Bunker, eds. 2011. Temperate and Subtropical Fruit Production. CABI. 260-265. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781845935016.0000

Kim, W. S., S. J. Chung, K. Y. Kim, T. DeJong, and H. S. Choi. 2002. "Relationships between Ca, K and Mg Concentration and Browning of Blossom End Part of 'Fuyu' Sweet Persimmon during MA Storage." Advances in Horticultural Science 16 (2): 95-100.

Kitagawa, H., and P. Glucina. 1984. Persimmon Culture in New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Science Information Publishing Center, DSIR.

Lamborn, A. R. 2017. "Persimmon." https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/media/sfylifasufledu/baker/docs/pdf/horticulture/educator-resources/Persimmon.pdf

McRitchie, J. J. 1979. Cephalosporium Wilt of Persimmon. Plant Pathology Circular No. 197. Fla. Dept. Agric. & Consumer Serv. Division of Plant Industry.

Mead, F. W. 1966. Persimmon psylla. Entomology Circular No. 50. Florida Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry.

Mizell, R. F., III and G. Brinen. 2015. Insect Management in Oriental Persimmon. ENY-803. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ig096

Mizell, R. F., III. 2018. Peachtree Borers in the Home and Commercial Peach Orchard. ENY-691. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in489

Mizell, R. F., III. 2019. The Persimmon Borer Sannina uroceriformis Walker, Pest of Persimmon. ENY-835. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in669

Mowat, A. D. 1993. "The Effect of Root Temperature on Bud Dormancy Release of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.)." IV International Symposium on Growing Temperate Zone Fruits in the Tropics and in the Subtropics 409:137-140. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.409.16

Mowat, A. D., R. J. Collins, and A. P. George. 1993. "Cultivation of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) under Tropical Conditions." IV International Symposium on Growing Temperate Zone Fruits in the Tropics and in the Subtropics 409:141-150. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.409.17

Sharpe, R. H. 1966. "Persimmon Variety and Rootstock Observation." Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 79:374-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-5582(66)90150-7

Tetsumura, T. 2001. "Production and Field Evaluation of Own-Rooted Trees of Japanese Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.)." PhD diss., Kyoto University.

Tetsumura, T., S. Ishimura, T. Takita, S. Funaki, H. Uchida, T. Hidaka, S. Haranoushiro, Y. Udatsu, M. Matsuo, C. Honsho, and H. Asakuma. 2019. "Tree Growth, Flowering, and Fruiting of 'Taishuu'Japanese Persimmon Grafted onto Dwarfing Rootstocks." The Horticulture Journal 88 (1): 57-66. https://doi.org/10.2503/hortj.UTD-020

Tetsumura, T., R. Tao, and A. Sugiura. 2000. "Single-Node Stem Cuttings from Root Suckers to Propagate a Potentially Dwarfing Rootstock for Japanese Persimmon." HortTechnology 10 (4): 776-780. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH.10.4.776

Yakushiji, H., A. Azuma, H. Sugiura, A. Yamasaki, and Y. Koshita. 2014. "Comparison of Promising Dwarfing Rootstocks for 'Fuyu' Japanese Persimmon Trees." XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014) 1130:469-472. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1130.70

Yakushiji, H., and A. Nakatsuka. 2007. "Recent Persimmon Research in Japan." Jpn. J. Plant Sci 1 (2): 42-62.

Yamada, M. 2008. "Persimmon Propagation, Orchard Planting, Training and Pruning in Japan." Advances in Horticultural Science 22 (4): 269-273.

Copyright (c) 2021 UF/IFAS