Natal Fruit Fly, Natal Fly, Ceratitis rosa Karsch (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae)
Adult female Natal fruit fly, Ceratitis rosa Karsch.



How to Cite

Weems, Howard V., and Thomas R. Fasulo. 2012. “Natal Fruit Fly, Natal Fly, Ceratitis Rosa Karsch (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae): EENY257/IN538, Rev. 3/2012”. EDIS 2012 (3). Gainesville, FL.


The Natal fruit fly is a pest of orchard fruits throughout much of KwaZulu Natal Province, Republic of South Africa, and is considered to be the most common fruit fly of economic importance in Zimbabwe. 50 to 100 percent of plums were reportedly infested in a South African locality one year despite the application of control measures. Although it never has been captured as an escapee in the United States, it continues to constitute a potential threat to Florida agriculture. If it were accidentally introduced into Florida and allowed to gain a foothold, the Natal fruit fly could prove to be fully as serious a menace as the Mediterranean fruit fly. This revised 3-page fact sheet was written by H. V. Weems, Jr. and T. R. Fasulo, and published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, March 2012.


Anonymous. 1928. Fruit-fly campaign at Cedara. Rev. Appl. Ent. (A) 15: 521. 1927. (From Farming in South Africa 1: 186. Pretoria. September 1962).

Anonymous. (16 January 2001). Ceratitis rosa. Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.$EntFull?ID=26409 (26 December 2001).

Froggatt, Walter W. 1909. Report on Parasitic and Injurious Insects. 1907-1908. New South Wales Department of Agriculture 115 pp.

USDA, Survey and Detection Operations, Plant Pest Control Division, Agricultural Research Service. Anonymous. 1963. Insects Not Known to Occur in the United States. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 13: 1-32. Natal Fruit Fly (Ceratitis rosa Karsch), pp. 14-16.

White, I.M., and M.M. Elson-Harris. 1994. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. CAB International. Oxon, UK. 601 pp