EENY472, a 3-page illustrated fact sheet by James D. Ellis and C.M. Zettel Nalen, is part of the Featured Creatures collection. It describes this wingless fly that lives as a commensalist in western honeybee colonies — distribution, description, life cycle and behavior and management. Includes references. Published by the UF Department of Entomology and Nematology, April 2010.
EENY472/IN845: Bee Louse, Bee Fly, Braulid, Braula coeca Nitzsch (Insecta: Diptera: Braulidae) (ufl.edu)
Morse RA, Flottum K. (eds.) 1998. Honey Bee Pests, Predators, and Diseases. 3rd edition. A.I. Root Company, Medina, Ohio. 718 pp.
Philips EF. 1925. The Bee-louse, Braula coeca in the United States. U.S.D.A. Circular 334. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.65832
Smith Jr. IB. 1978. The bee louse, Braula coeca Nitzsch, its distribution and biology on honey bees. Unpublished MS thesis, University of Maryland. 111 pp.
Smith Jr. IB, Caron DM. 1985. Distribution of the beelouse, Braula coeca, in Maryland and worldwide. American Bee Journal 125: 294-96.