Hand Hygiene and Hand Sanitizers
A polka-dot wasp moth. Credit: James Castner, UF/IFAS


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hand washing


How to Cite

Simonne, Amy. (2005) 2019. “Hand Hygiene and Hand Sanitizers: FCS8788/FY732, rev.8/2019”. EDIS 2019 (4). Gainesville, FL. https://doi.org/10.32473/edis-fy732-2005.


Hand hygiene is one of the primary methods used to reduce the fecal-oral transmission of infectious agents. However, conflicting hand hygiene recommendations for different settings are causing confusion among the general public as to what is the best practice to follow or what products should be used for daily handwashing and hand hygiene. This document provides the information necessary for average consumers to make an informed decision. 

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FDA/CFSAN. 2003. Hand Hygiene in Retail & Food Service Establishments. Food Service Safety Fact Sheet. May, 2003. http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~comm/handhyg.html

CDC Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR) October 25, 2002.

Larson EL. 1995. APIC guidelines for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. Am J Infect Control. 23:251-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/0196-6553(95)90070-5

Larson, E. 2001. Hygiene of the Skin: When is Clean Too Clean? Emerging Infectious Diseases. 7(2) Mar-Apr 2001. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0702.010215

Paulson DS. 1994. A comparative evaluation of different hand cleansers. Dairy Food Environ Sanit. 14:524-28.

McSwane, D., Rue, N., and Linton, R. 2000. Essentials of Food Safety & Sanitation. 2nd, Prentice Hall. NJ.

Paulson, D.S. 1998. Comparison of Hand washing Products. Dairy, Food and Environmental Sanitation. 14: (9): 524.

Snelling AM, Kerr KG, Heritage J. 1991. The survival of Listeria monocytogenes on fingertips and factors affecting elimination of the organism by hand washing and disinfection. J Food Protect. 54:343-348. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-54.5.343

VanDenmark, P.J. and Batzing, B.L. 1987. The Microbes: An introduction to their nature and importance. The Benjamin/Cumming Publishing Company, Inc. Reading, MA.