Une Vue d’Ensemble du Droit Environnemental Malgache


  • Diane M. Henkels


This is a study of Malagasy environmental law. The object of this article is to give basic background on Madagascar’s modern positive law and customary law governing natural resources. Since the nineteenth century and the reign of the Imerina monarchs through the three republics, the country has tried to control its environnement and especially the loss of its forests according to its system of civil law. Now, several texts address a wider field of environmental law including international law, the constitution, management of protected areas, community management of renewable natural resources, among others. This work occurs in the south-east in the vicinity of Ranomafana National Park where the influence of customary law remains very strong. Efforts have been made to integrate the customary law, especially the dina, in modern positive law. This article shows the diverse juridical, culturals, and international aspects of environmental law.